Human Trafficking is a multi-level issue that has many complex connections to systems of oppression that are deeply intertwined with culture. As a result, it is very difficult to pinpoint one “solution” to trafficking.
However, that should not stop us from investing in practices against human trafficking.

These anti-trafficking efforts are generally grouped into four categories, commonly known as the 4 P’s of trafficking: Prevention, Prosecution, Protection, and Partnership.


This element refers to any activities that prevent people from entering into human trafficking. Prevention efforts include youth services and empowerment. Assistance is often rendered to “at risk” populations: low SES communities, homeless youth, etc. Another prevention strategy that has recently gained traction in the human trafficking movement is entitled , “End Demand.” This perspective argues that targeting Johns and traffickers will reduce sex trafficking based on the economic theory of supply and demand. Education and awareness are also elements of prevention.


The justice system is responsible for this element of the anti-trafficking movement. Law enforcement officers pursue legal investigations and defense attorneys prosecute traffickers. Prosecution efforts also include policy reform by elected officials, and their constituents, and any encouragement of legal action that might affect the anti-trafficking movement, such as supply chain transparency legislation.


These efforts include the protection and support of victims/ survivors of human trafficking. Key victim/survivor protection services also include: rescue by certified first responders, rehabilitation by trauma-informed professionals, and reintegration through job opportunities and housing. The three R’s also incorporate access to training, education, and life skills coaching.


The fourth and final type of action against trafficking is partnership. The broad nature of this issue and it’s overwhelming intensity makes global partnership important. Governments, NGO’s, and the community have to come together to lend the anti-trafficking movement diverse experiences and resources.
IHTI is dedicated to training student activists and creating opportunities for collaboration worldwide. In those ways the IHTI itself lends prevention and partnership efforts to the anti-trafficking movement.

Though IHTI students are involved with a variety of fields and work on all 4 of the P’s, the IHTI  is bringing them together in hopes that their collaboration will produce a better solution. As practices against trafficking evolve, we want IHTI students to share knowledge and best practices across borders in hopes that someday we will have better answers and a solid solution that will all but end this social epidemic.